Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

16 . Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels

Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice remain a great threat to sustainable development. 

The number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million in 2018, the highest level recorded by the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) in almost 70 years. 

In 2019, the United Nations tracked 357 killings and 30 enforced disappearances of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists in 47 countries.

And the births of around one in four children under age 5 worldwide are never officially recorded, depriving them of a proof of legal identity crucial for the protection of their rights and for access to justice and social services.

Facts and Figures



16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere


16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children


16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all

TARGET 1 B copy 8

16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime

TARGET 1 B copy 9

16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms

TARGET 1 B copy 10

16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels

TARGET 1 B copy 11

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

TARGET 1 B copy 12

16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

TARGET 1 B copy 13

16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration

TARGET 1 B copy 14

16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

TARGET 1 B copy 15

16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime

TARGET 1 B copy 16

16.B Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

SDGs details & targets